Nankai University is a world known comprehensive university, the new campus was located in Jinnan district of Tianjin, Haihe education industry zone, it is the core campus of nankai universities. It shoulders some of the most important tasks regarding future developments. The library is located at main entrance of the new campus, representing the starting point of its civil etiquette central axis. This project, apart from providing the basic functions of libraries, the new school ceremony office building academic will serve as exchanges and a venue for graduation ceremonies. Activities of etiquette, such as daily visit places are also available in this ceremony office. This project is composed of three individual buildings, with a finished glyph layout. Located in the centre position of the library is the building of the campus and the commanding heights, is the new landmark of Nankai University. Buildings with a total construction area of 66500 ㎡, land area of 109880 ㎡, and a volume rate of 0.69. Began on June 11, 2013, officially finished on August 13, 2015. Architectural structure such as the frameworks, mainly in library are examples of top innovative uses of “hanging truss” structure, which meets the building functional requirements. Local materials are used in its construction, including outside eaves which reflects on Tianjin’s local culture shale brick and stone, control costs, and echo city regional culture.
The Design Concept
用创新态度传承南开大学精神 | Attitude inheritance with innovation spirit of Nankai University
▼老校区与新校区布局对比，the comparison of layouts of the old campus and the new campus
The old campus of Nankai university was built in 1963, the main building has always been a landmark in Tianjin for the last five decades, it acts as the spirit totem of the heart for teachers and students in Nankai University. Old campus main buildings are composed of three buildings, complex products with the font configuration, are main entrance to campus. Core in the central building, two flats east, and west with symmetrical layout. Symmetrical modelling and plane layout, with the main building of the tower to strengthen the visual axis, applying different layers of colours to a drawing complex, adding sense of weight. The main building is the climax of the whole space sequence, it was the highest building in Tianjin. Eaves outside its form is influenced by the former Soviet Union building, of primitive simplicity and elegant, neat symmetry and magnificence. Its 11 tall minarets implied the top construction technology at that time.
As a cultural construction, in addition to the basic function of the building, more need to respect people in spiritual demands. The main building of the old campus of nankai university have been used for more than half a century, already melting into each nankai people profundity of thoughts and feelings. Project as the main building of the new campus and symbol buildings, as well as need carry the equal mission like the old campus. To respect the emotion between teachers and students as the core of nankai university, restore full of sense of ceremony and monumental construction sequence, heritage landmark building image, can we make these demands a repeat of the spirit of nankai architectural language.
▼围合广场，the enclosed square
▼综合楼，the Integrated Service Building
Library is not so different from the main building in old campus, from the shape and structure on the continuation of “long”, “tower”, “window”, “high”, “enclosing layout” and other elements. Truthfully recorded history can arouse the people familiar with the memory, stimulate the sense of identity. In succession at the same time, we hope to break down the form of innovative limit, reflecting the characteristics of the era. Classic era into evolution form, in order to contribute more in the historical change of metamorphosis. This project changed the Soviet style from the original main building, instead it uses the Chinese architectural logic to interpret the spirit of the original building and what it wants to express. This building has the first floor stacked and big steps as the base, second to fifth floors reading space as the main body, 180 meters long and stretches the physique. Construction of Chinese traditional architecture’s lasting appeal, finally realize the unique signature.
▼图书馆是新校区的主楼，the new library as the main building of the campus
▼从广场花园望向图书馆，exterior view from the square garden
In addition, the spire of the old main building has no function. We design the “new tower” to store paper. Construction using the big roof stability of sunlight and the physical environment, protects the ancient rare books. We hope that the “tower” is not just a label, or a purely symbolic form, but one that is able to truly act as a container to load generations after generations of knowledge.
▼建筑利用顶层大屋檐下稳定的日照和物理环境，实现了古籍善本藏阅功能，the top level of the new library is used to accommodate the ancient rare books
突出图书馆的实用价值 | Highlights regarding the practical values of the library
1.The emphasis on the function of the vertical partition, room to improve the adaptability and flexibility: University library is different from social public welfares, the state has strict controls on the scale and investment. According to the regulation of the ministry of education, university library’s building areas are to be no more than 45000 ㎡, and are required to accommodate reading books, academic report, office and other diversified function, emphasizing practical designs.
On the other hand, the second floor, main entrance is placed through a layer of big steps and base connection. The steps of a layer of dense large stacks, part of the main layout load equipment room, etc. North and south on both sides of the grand staircase is in accordance with the requirements of the school, meeting the demand of school celebration stage. Follow in order to that entrance hall is the core of the building floor space. In the hall, the things on both sides are electronic reading rooms, multi-function hall, internal offices and other functional areas. Third to fifth floor is the main library reading room, occupied by daylighting and sceneries. Reading space consists of large space, providing optimum spaces for reading. Sixth floor and interfloors are decorated with special and rare book stacks, we receive points for this part of the plane. At the same time, the use of the cantilever form profound eaves space, provide stable physical light environment for six floors. Deposit seven-story main symbol of Nankai supreme wisdom crystallization of all kinds of paper, between teachers and students to make library’s practical value and cultural value consensus.
▼六层平面缩进形成自然遮阳，the 6th floor retracts to provide natural sun shading
▼檐下悬挑空间，the suspended floor creates a sheltered space below
突出采光方式的精细化设计，实现阅览空间的核心需求 | Daylight based designs, the core of the reading room
Natural light is the healthiest and an economical source, the way on creating a suitable light intensity environment is what we have been the focus on in the design. On the third to fifth floor, we calculated the most reasonable construction depth dimension, and are able to disperse light evenly and uniformly throughout the whole reading space regardless of where the reader’s location. At the same time, the introduction of Shared space roof light inlet window, clever direct light into the diffuse light, avoid the emergence of glare. We in the seventh floor of paper reading hall according to the sun Angle of incidence, design the slope roof, the more efficiently into the sunshine.
充分利用有限空间，创造丰富的室内外交流场所 | Making full use of limited space, creating abundant indoor and outdoor communication places
▼图书馆顶层的观景休息大厅，lounge on the top floor
In the design of the project, although the area is limited and functional requirement varies, we are still able to infuse the concept of contemporary library focus on communication, for the user to experience interesting and a rather emotional space experience. On the first floor, big steps can be seen in both north and south sides of the building. Rendering the ritual, at the same time, we combined the landscape and the building, putting the big step into important exchanges and outdoor activity places. We use floor heights and the differences in elevations to create interfloors. Mezzanine outdoor terrace extends the active area of the user. Third to fifth floor is consisted of open reading space, consisting of small groups for the studies of communication between teachers and students, the aim of this idea is to let people express their ideas with minimum amount of effort, at any time. In addition, we also use Shared space, connecting the three floors of reading spaces, increasing the likelihood of communication around the space. The top floor on the south is a lounge at which people are able to relax and enjoy breathtaking view of the whole campus. This place will be the heart of the campus where everyone meets and communicates.
▼首层平面图，plan level 1
▼七层平面图，plan level 7
项目设计 & 完成年份：2012&2015
建筑专业负责人：黑嘉媛 姚惠智 张承
设备专业负责人：周国民 高璧倩 刘艳茹 陈德玉